Here are a few Literacy terms
that you should be familiar with:
same consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a sentence or a line of
poetry. For example, the sound of P in Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled
- The understanding that written letters systematically represent sounds. For
example, the word big has three letters and three sounds.
Big books -
Oversized books that allow children to see the print and pictures as we read
- Children's developing knowledge, skills, and dispositions, which help them to
think about and understand the world around them.
Decoding - The
translation of the letters in written words into recognizable sounds and
combining these sounds into meaningful words.
- The view that literacy learning begins at birth and is encouraged through
participation with adults in meaningful literacy-related activities.
- Printed materials that are a part of everyday life. They include signs,
billboards, labels, and business logos.
- Teaching children in a systematic and sequential manner.
- Young children experiment with writing by creating pretend and real
letters and by organizing scribbles and marks on paper.
- Phonemic-based spelling where children create their own non-conventional
Letter knowledge -
The ability to identify the names and shapes of the letters of the alphabet.
Journals - Writing
books in which young learners scribble, draw, and use their own spellings to
write about their experiences.
Includes all the activities involved in speaking, listening, reading, writing,
and appreciating both spoken and written language.
thinking about one's thinking
Phonemes - The
smallest parts of spoken language that combine to form words. For example, the
word hit is made up of three phonemes (h-i-t) and differs by one phoneme from
the words pit, hip and hot.
Phonemic Awareness -
The ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the individual
sounds--phonemes--in spoken words.
Phonics - The
understanding that there is a predictable relationship between phonemes (the
sounds of spoken language) and graphemes (the letters and spellings that
represent those sounds in written language).
- A broad term that includes phonemic awareness. In addition to phonemes,
phonological awareness activities can involve work with rhymes, words,
syllables, and onsets and rimes.
Print awareness -
The knowledge that printed words carry meaning and that reading and writing are
ways to obtain ideas and information. A young child's sensitivity to print is
one of the first steps toward reading.
Sight vocabulary -
Words that a reader recognizes without having to sound them out.
Vocabulary - The
words we must know in order to communicate effectively. Oral vocabulary refers
to words that we use in speaking or recognize in listening. Reading vocabulary
refers to words we recognize or use in print.
Word recognition -
Using any one of a number of strategies such as recognition by sight or decoding
so as to figure out their meaning.
word wall is a systematically organized collection of words displayed in
large letters on a wall or other large display place in the classroom.
It is a tool to use, not just display. Word walls are designed to
promote active learning.